Take me to the pictures! (7 photos in photo gallery)

The scant remains of the Arch
The scant remains of the Arch

The Arch of Augustus (Arcus Augusti) was dedicated to Augustus in 29 BCE to celebrate his victory over Marcus Antonius and Cleopatra at Actium in 31 BCE. The arch is spanning the road between the Temple of Castor and Pollux and the Temple of Caesar, near the Temple of Vesta.

A large inscription was found in the same location in 1546, with a dedication to Augustus from 29 BCE, so the identification of the arch is certain.

Very little remains of the arch, but its appearance can be deduced from coins from the period (see links below for an example). It was a tree way arch, but only the central archway was vaulted. The lateral passages had flat ceilings and gabled roof. The spandrels of the central passage were decorated with reliefs with representations of Victoria, as a surviving fragment shows. Other fragments of the decoration of the arch are in the Antiquarium.

Fragment of a relief
Fragment of a relief

On top of the central arch stood, still according to contemporary coins, a quadriga and above the lateral archways statues.

According to one theory the fasti, the marble tablets listing the consuls and generals who had been awarded triumphal processions, were mounted on the sides of the lateral arches.

The Arch of Augustus was the first three-way arch in Rome, and served as a model for the Arch of Septimius Severus, which again was the model of the Arch of Constantine.

Only parts of the foundation of the arch remain, so there is very little left in the forum to see. Fragments of the fasti are in the Capitoline Museums, other fragments of the arch in the Antiquarium, and a relief showing a Victoria are in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptoteket in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Links

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Photo gallery of 7 pictures for "Arch of Augustus"

Prints of the photographs are available — read more here.

Forum Romanum, Rome (Roman Forum, Foro Romano) Forum Romanum, Rome (Roman Forum, Foro Romano) Forum Romanum, Rome (Roman Forum, Foro Romano) Forum Romanum, Rome (Roman Forum, Foro Romano) Forum Romanum, Rome (Roman Forum, Foro Romano) Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen Palatine Hill, Rome

The pictures above are taken in the following locations:

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This page is linked under the names "Arch of Augustus" and "Arcus Augusti".

Copyright © 2003 René Seindal, last changed 2003-08-06

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