Saint Peter’s Square is the circular piazza in front of the Basilica of St. Peter. When the current church was built in the 16th century, the square was mostly square. Later pope Alexandre VII employed Gian Lorenzo Bernini with reordering the square. He added the circular colonnade and the two fountains, but kept the ancient Egyptian obelisk in the centre.

The square is formally a part of the Vatican City State, but it is usually patrolled by the Italian police.

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