Hercules, identified with the Greek half-god Heracles, was the god of victory and of all commercial activities.

There were many temples to Hercules in Rome and in other Roman cities. The oldest temples and alters to Hercules were in the Forum Boarium, which was the port and main marketplace in archaic Rome. The round temple, often erroneously referred to as the Temple of Vesta, was dedicated to Hercules Victor or Hercules Olivarius (protector of the olive trade). The Ara Maxima, which stood near the Circus Maximus, was also consecrated to Hercules.

Anything could be offered to Hercules who was known for his gluttony.

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