A basilica in the Roman world was normally a public building, used for court cases and as a market place. A basilica often served as a roofed extension to the Forum.

Normally a basilica would be a rectangular building divided in three or more naves by rows of columns. The central nave was taller than the lateral naves, allowing for a series of windows above the lateral naves to give light to the central nave.

Famous Roman basilicas:

The basilica became the model for many Christian churches, even though the basilica was a strictly secular edifice.

Famous Christian Basilicas:

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