Take me to the pictures! (6 photos in photo gallery)
The Via Sacra, the Sacred Road, connected some of the most important religious sites in the Forum Romanum, stretching from the summit of the Capitoline Hill to the area of the Colosseum.
There are still many doubts about the course of the road. It changed several times in antiquity, and it is possible that there were several different courses that were called the Via Sacra at the same time, some longer, some shorter.
The most ancient part of the Via Sacra is the part between the Regia, the residence of the kings and later of the pontifex maximus, and the Domus Publica, the house of the rex sacrorum, about 40m to the east. It is a very short stretch of road, but it connected two of the most important religious houses in archaic Rome.
A much longer Via Sacra started on the Arx on the Capitoline Hill, passed the Comitium and the Basilica Aemilia, progressed in front of the Regia and the Domus Publica. The rest of the course is less certain and it might have changed several times in antiquity, especially after the construction of the Basilica of Maxentius and the Temple of Amor and Roma appears to have moved the Via Sacra. Currently the Via Sacra passes under the Arch of Titus and ends in front of the Arch of Constantine, but before that it appears to have passed the area now occupied by the Basilica of Maxentius and the Temple of Amor and Roma to continue towards the Esquiline Hill.
Under the currently visible paving substantial remains of two older roads have been found.
Photo gallery of 6 pictures for "Via Sacra"
Prints of the photographs are
available — read more here.
The pictures above are taken in the following
Documents related to "Via Sacra":
- Arch of Constantine - Triumphal arch celebrating the victory of Constantine I over Maxentius, 312 CE (Rome, Italy)
- Arch of Titus - Triumphal arch celebrating the conquest of Jerusalem by Vespasian and Titus (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Basilica Aemilia - The last of the republican basilicas in the Forum Romanum (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Basilica of Maxentius - The last and largest basilica in the Roman Forum (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Capitoline Hill (Rome, Italy)
- Colosseum (Rome, Italy)
- Curia Julia - The meeting place of the Roman senate (from c. 50 BCE) (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Domus Publica - The official residence of the Rex Sacrorum on the Via Sacra (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Pontifex maximus - The high priests of ancient Roman religion (Roman Religion and Mythology, Lexicon)
- Regia - The house of the Roman kings and later the Pontifex Maximus (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Rex Sacrorum - The priest performing the religious duties of the king (Roman Religion and Mythology, Lexicon)
- Temple of Amor and Roma - Temple constructed by Hadrian to Venus and the Genius of Rome (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
linking to "Via Sacra":
- Arch of Augustus - Triumphal arch celebrating Augustus' victory at Actium (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Fornix Fabianus - A lost triumphal arch from the republican period (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Shrine of Venus Cloacina - A sanctuary for the patron deity of the Cloaca Maxima (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Temple of Antoninus and Faustina - Temple dedicated to deified Faustina the Elder and Antoninus Pius (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Temple of Jupiter Stator - Temple vowed to Jupiter when he made the fleeing Romans stand against the Sabines (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Temple of Romulus - Round temple probably dedicated to Romulus, son of emperor Maxentius (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)